CAPE VERDE LOCATION
The Cape Verde archipelago of 10 islands is located in the central Atlantic Ocean. It is 570km or 350 miles off the western coast of the African continent. The latitude and longitude for the country are 15.1111*N and 23.6167*W respectively. The neighbouring countries with maritime boundaries are The Gambia, Mauritania and Senegal.
CAPE VERDE CLIMATE
The typical weather of Cape Verde is tropical. However, unlike a tropical climate Cape Verde experiences no rainfall for 9 months and low levels of rain for the other 3 months. The amount of rain during the months of August, September and October is 180mm. This is less than 1 month of rain of other popular beach destinations such as Turkey, Italy and Cyprus during their wettest time of the year.
Cape Verde experiences a year-round exceptional climate. Average temperatures are 24* in June, 26* July and 27* in August. The other months of the year are not that different as Cape Verde experiences little seasonal variations. The lowest average is 23* in January. Sunshine hours are lowest through the summer with the rest of the year averaging 6 to 9 hours per day. There are also trade winds from the Sahara, especially from November to April. This helps make life much more comfortable during the day.
Cape Verde is a perfect place for a summer holiday throughout the 12 months of the year. This is even more reason to holiday in Cape Verde if you want to escape the cold winters of Northern Europe!
CAPE VERDE PEOPLE
As we have already learnt the Cape Verde archipelago was uninhabited until the Portuguese arrived in 1456. The Portuguese soon set up large plantations and imported slaves from Africa to work on them. Thus, many Cape Verdeans are of biracial origins. The population of Cape Verde is 539,560 with 71% multiracial, 28% black and 1% white.
CAPE VERDE LANGUAGE
The official language of Cape Verde is Portuguese. All written information, documents and other literature will be in Portuguese due to being part of the Portuguese empire from 1462 to 1975. However, there is another language widely spoken by most Cape Verdeans called Creole. Creole is a mixture of 2 or more languages that is no longer related to the source language. There are three theories of how Creole started in Cape Verde. The Portuguese simplified their language for the African slaves, the African slaves themselves mixed Portuguese into their own native language, while others believe the language was created by people born on the island that were subsequently subjected to both Portuguese and native African languages.
CAPE VERDE CURRENCY
The Cape Verdean Escudo de Cabo Verde (ECV) is the currency of Cape Verde. It is only available in Cape Verde. However, the escudo is linked to the euro. Typically, 110 escudos will be equal to 1 euro. The euro is accepted at most places though expect to pay 10% too much as you will be charged 1 euro for 100 escudos!